Having denied historic materialism, which sees in men mere puppets on the surface of history, appearing and disappearing on the crest of the waves while in the depths the real directing forces move and work, Fascism also denies the immutable and irreparable character of the class struggle which is the natural outcome of this economic conception of history; above all it denies that the class struggle is the preponderating agent in social transformations.
It is not reactionary, but revolutionary For such a modern and practical-based system, it seems rather surprising that Mussolini not only tolerates religion, but respects and facilitates its progression. Fascism believes now and always in sanctity and heroism, that is to say in acts in which no economic motive - remote or immediate - is at work.
That is to say, it rejects the idea of a doctrine suited to all times and to all people.
Thus understood, Fascism, is totalitarian, and the Fascist State - a synthesis and a unit inclusive of all values - interprets, develops, and potentates the whole life of a people Fascism is opposed to Mussolini doctrine of fascism essay the individualistic abstractions of a materialistic nature.
Thanks to years of state initiatives taken by the early Italian government, the battle against illiteracy in Italy was almost won before The Doctrine of Fascism preaches that the true reality of the individual is the state.
Fascism is not only a form of government, it is a system of manipulation. If it be true that matter was on the altars for one century, today it is the spirit which takes its place.
Fascism does not, generally speaking, believe in the possibility of utility or perpetual peace. When the war ended in Socialism, as a doctrine, was already dead; it continued to exist only as a grudge, especially in Italy where its only chance lay in inciting to reprisals against the men who had willed the war and who were to be made to pay for it.
It invests the whole field of reality as well as the human activities which master it. The new course taken by Fascist activity will in no way diminish the fighting spirit typical of Fascism. Fascism has restored to the State its sovereign functions by claiming its absolute ethical meaning, against the egotism of classes and categories; to the Government of the state, which was reduced to a mere instrument of electoral assemblies, it has restored dignity, as representing the personality of the state and its power of Empire.
Jane Soames, translator, authorized edition, Hogarth Press, London p. Fighting was going on in the towns and villages. History does not travel backwards. It does not believe in the possibility of "happiness" on earth as conceived by the economistic literature of the XVIIIth century, and it therefore rejects the theological notion that at some future time the human family will secure a final settlement of all its difficulties.
When the sense of the state declines and the materialistic and selfish tendencies of individuals and groups prevail, the Fascist state will move to their decline.
The publication of this material is in no way whatsoever an endorsement of these viewpoints by the World Future Fund, unless explicitly stated by us.
It therefore discards pacifism as a cloak for cowardly supine renunciation in contradistinction to self-sacrifice.
Here I wish to reaffirm with no weaker energy, the formula I expounded at the scala in Milan everything in the state, nothing against the State, nothing outside the state.
Thought and Action u. In the Fascist regime the unity of classes, the political, social and coral unity of the Italian people is realized within the state, and only within Mussolini doctrine of fascism essay Fascist state.
Without the state the individual does not truly exist. However, in taking those first fundamental assumptions for a starting point, we must proceed to carry our program into a vaster field.
Outside history man is a nonentity. We wish the working classes to accustom themselves to the responsibilities of management so that they may realize that it is no easy matter to run a business The Fascist State is an inwardly accepted standard and rule of conduct, a discipline of the whole person; it permeates the will no less than the intellect.
There is no way of exercising a spiritual influence in the world as a human will dominating the will of others, unless one has a conception both of the transient and the specific reality on which that action is to be exercised, and of the permanent and universal reality in which the transient dwells and has its being.
The manner in which Germany embraced Fascism can be best represented by two people at the time: Therefore the State is not only Authority which governs and confers legal form and spiritual value on individual wills, but it is also Power which makes its will felt and respected beyond its own frontiers, thus affording practical proof of the universal character of the decisions necessary to ensure its development.
Mussolini was a very charismatic figure, and he was especially adept at handling the media in Germany. It arises, in short, from the existence, at least in fieri, of a State.
They did so out of the necessity to temporarily establish temporarily establish an authoritarian regime rooted in Fascism to offer Germany a political way out of their precarious situation. State intervention in economic production arises only when private initiative is lacking or insufficient, or when the political interests of the State are involved.
Fascism and the Doctrine of Fascism is more complex than popular belief. The Fascist conception of life is a religious one 7in which man is viewed in his immanent relation to a higher law, endowed with an objective will transcending the individual and raising him to conscious membership of a spiritual society.
Essay Benito Mussolini's Doctrine of Fascism. DOCTRINE OF FASCISM Benito Mussolini outlines several essential characteristics of his preferred political ideology, Fascism, in what has become known as the Doctrine of Fascism. In this paper, Mussolini outlines his vision of the ideology, and explains the major issues that Fascism will address.
The Rise Of Fascism History Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: shaped the new right wing doctrine, called fascism. This political doctrine caught form and was put to practice after the First World War, especially in its two most widely known formats, Mussolini’s fascist regime in Italy and Hitler’s Nazi regime in Germany.
"The Doctrine of Fascism" ("La dottrina del fascismo") is an essay written by Giovanni Gentile, but credit is given to Benito Mussolini.
It was first published in the Enciclopedia Italiana ofas the first section of a lengthy entry on "Fascismo" (Fascism).Reviews: THE DOCTRINE OF FASCISM. BENITO MUSSOLINI () (ONLY COMPLETE OFFICIAL TEXT ON THE INTERNET) (This article, co-written by Giovanni Gentile, is considered to be the most complete articulation of Mussolini's political views.
Benito Mussolini outlines several essential characteristics of his preferred political ideology, Fascism, in what has become known as the Doctrine of Fascism. In this paper, Mussolini outlines his vision of the ideology, and explains the major issues that Fascism will address once it becomes the leading political system in Italy.
DOCTRINE OF FASCISM Benito Mussolini outlines several essential characteristics of his preferred political ideology, Fascism, in what has become known as the Doctrine of Fascism.Mussolini doctrine of fascism essay