Anatomy muscle study guide

Examine the reproductive organs of both the male and female cats. The second set of valves, the semilunar valves, guards the bases of the two large arteries leaving the ventricular chambers, thus they are known as the pulmonary and aortic semilunar valves. Maintaining posture against gravity.

It lies dorsal to the zygomatic arch and fills the temporal fossa of the skull. Senses distortions in body tissues. Axon — cylendrical projection from the cell body that transmits nervous impulses to other neurons or effector sites muscles, organs.

Mesoderm — develops into epithelial tissue, connective tissue and muscle tissue. Help prepare body for activity. Thus insulin causes fat, liver, muscle cells to take up glucose from the blood and store it as glycogen in liver and muscle. The sympathetic system increases the activation level of neurons in preparation for activity ramps you up.

Pectoralis major[ edit ] The pectoralis major, also called pectoralis superficialis, is a broad triangular portion of the pectoralis muscle which is immediately below the pectoantebrachialis. First seven vertebrae starting from top are cervical vertebrae, flexible framework and provide support and motion for the head your neck, basically.

The valves of the heart secure a one-way blood flow through the heart and blood vessels.

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Inner layer immediately surrounding the muscle. Acetylcholine ACh is what is used by neuromuscular system. Growth, maturation, and functionality of skeletal system are greatly affected by posture, physical activity, and nutrition.

There is no substitute for the real thing though, and these pages are simply meant to supplement the lab. Get the cat out of the bag, drain and rinse the cat. The Muscular System Muscular system — series of muscles that move the skeleton.

Identify the bands and structures in the picture: Transversus abdominis[ edit ] This muscle is the innermost abdominal muscle.

Anatomy students may have access to cat specimens and in college may experience learning anatomy using human cadavers.

Chapter 8: Muscular System

Glucose rich blood is circulated through pancreas, elevated levels of glucose trigger release of insulin. Motions rarely occur in isolation.

Too much glucose can damage vascular system. Variations in the rate and force of heart contraction match blood flow to the changing metabolic needs of the tissues during rest, exercise, and changes in body position.

Radial and ulnar arteries. Snugly enclosed within the inferior mediastinum, the medial cavity of the thorax, the heart is flanked on each side by the lungs. Provides communication from brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body.

I used to teach barre classes in Orlando. The following pages attempt to walk through the steps of the cat dissection to show images of what students have observed during the lab. An example is someone picking up a shovel or lifting weights. Spinotrapezius[ edit ] Spinotrapezius, also called thoracic trapezius, is the most posterior of the three.

The intercostal muscles are found between the ribs, and there are two kinds: Its action is the elevation of the mandible closing of the jaw. These receptors are divided into four categories, mechanoreceptors, nociceptors, chemoreceptors, and photoreceptors. Boy was I wrong.

Anatomy and Physiology

Somewhat cubical in shape. Neuroglia — is made up of astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, ependymal cells and microglia in the CNS, and schwann cells and satellite cells in the PNS. Contains fatty yellow marrow, predominantly fat and serves as energy reserve, center of diaphysis.

The common iliac arteries are the final branches of the abdominal aorta. Pectoralis Major Muscle – Attachment, Action & Innervation Pectoralis major is a thick, fan-shaped muscle contributing to the thoracobrachial motion.

It consists of a clavicular part and a sternal part, both converging to a flat tendon that inserts on the humerus. STUDY GUIDE 1 degisiktatlar.comy and Physiology Write the terms that match the phrases in the spaces at the right. 1) The study of cells.

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_____ 2) The study. Muscle tissue is found throughout the body and is responsible for movement of the body, facial expressions, pumping of the heart and movement of food through the digestive system. There are 3 main types of muscle tissue: skeletal muscle tissue, cardiac muscle tissue, and smooth muscle tissue.

Start studying Anatomy and Physiology Study Guide. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Start studying Anatomy and Physiology Study Guide.

An Online Examination of Human Anatomy and Physiology

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity.

anatomy final study guide. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR.

Anatomy and Physiology Study Guide

7 terms. SCI. 16 terms. Muscle Tissue Skeletal muscle consists of long cylindrical cells that, under a microscope, appear striated with bands perpendicular to the length of the cell.

The many nuclei in each cell (multinucleated cells) are located near the outside along the plasma membrane, which is called the sarcolemma.

Anatomy muscle study guide
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